There are an estimated one billion goats in the world, as of 2017. Researching goat demography is quite tricky and more involved than I anticipated. There are multiple reports tracking goats, goat population density, detailing the consumption of their secondary products (wool, milk), and the (cringe) details of the goat meat industry.* The majority of goats live in Asia, with (as of 2010) China boasting the most goats of any country (17.3%) followed by India (14.6%) and Pakistan (6.6%). Goats are great to keep for not just their milk and wool products, but they are also great at landscaping (“goatscaping) and generally fun to be around.
*I won’t eat goat meat anymore. I’m not a vegetarian, but I am highly selective about the meat I do eat and my love and fascination with goats exceeds my appetite for them.